People have some knowledge about honey and its properties. Some even hear tips about buying honey. But they certainly do not know much about bees and their effects on the environment and even human life! This insect existed on earth even before humans. More precisely, bees have lived on Earth for about 40 million years. But with the difference that this bee did not have a social life in the past and like many non-honey bees today, it lived alone.
Bees have an attractive body that can do many things: they collect pollen with their hind legs, and with their wings they can not only fly an average of 24 kilometers per hour, but also generate heat or cool. They also become hives. Their compound eyes allow them to see ultraviolet light; Instead, they are blind to red and perceive red as black.
Why do we need bees?
In answer to this question, perhaps the first answer is our need for honey and the properties of honey. But it is interesting to know that bees are essential for a healthy environment and economy. We need them to pollinate more of our fruits and vegetables. But bees are threatened with extinction, and our food and economy are threatened without them.
Bee and its relation to the economy of a society
What did you eat for breakfast today? Jam on toast? Natural juice or a coffee?
We may think that bees only provide us with honey (or, more properly, raw honey), but in fact they are behind many of the foods we eat, including most fruits and vegetables, and play an important role.
Bees are very important to our economy, pollinating crops without them would cost کشاور 1.8 billion a year for British farmers. In a world without bees, our food production will cost much more and our economy will face serious challenges.
Healthy nature needs bees
Whether you find them attractive or annoying, bees are extremely important. They pollinate plants in gardens, parks and countryside, as well as more than three-quarters of wildflowers.
The flourishing nature and population of healthy animals is a sign of the health of our environment, yet one million species of bees are on the verge of extinction.
Endangered species of bees
Since 1900, Britain has lost 13 species of bees and 35 more are in danger of extinction. None of the species are protected by the government. Across Europe, almost 1 in 10 wild bee species is extinct.
The world without bees is a dark world
Currently, the decline in the number of bees is a sign of the poor state of the natural world. In the world, we underestimate human beings, nature and what it does for us. The truth is that if we want an economy that meets the needs of all people in the long run, we must take care of our natural environment.
Bees and neonicotinoids
There is now ample scientific evidence that neonotinoids are harmful to bees. Neonotinoids are a group of pesticides commonly used in agriculture. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) announced in 2013 that they posed an “unacceptable risk” to bees, leading to a decrease in the number of bees.
One of the most interesting members of a bee colony are the male bees, who have little to do but eat, sleep and mate! They are much smaller in number than worker bees (which are originally females) and are usually thrown out of the hive during the year after mating and meeting the needs of the colony! These bees do not have bites! You can in the article Male Bees: Bad Boys in the Hive! Learn more about these interesting creatures.
In each hive there is a bee that is the mother of all other bees. It is the only fertile member of the colony and lays about 1,500 eggs daily during spring and summer. The queen bee is distinguished from other members of the hive by its long bellies and small wings. Soon after birth, the queen bees come out. When a colony needs a new queen bee, they simply select a healthy larva that has hatched from the current queen’s egg.
Bees and its breeding
Bees need separate nests
There are thousands of species of isolated bees in the world that need separate nests. Some species nest in the ground, trees or on the roofs of houses. Others use hollow stalks or wood holes.
Breeding bees is the deliberate selection of beekeepers in terms of characteristics in both queen and soldier populations and controlling the natural mating process of bees in order to change the quality of bees. Beekeeping is based on variability between colonies. This requires beekeepers to carefully observe their bees and measure the range of traits indicated by the breeding population.
In general, the characteristics chosen by beekeepers are those that are commercially beneficial. Tropical and temperate beekeepers probably have different views on what is needed for productive beekeeping.
Contrary to popular belief, bees do not build their nests in one place on a regular basis. They like to live in hollow spaces, whether the space is a hollow tree, a tree stump, or a traditional man-made beehive.
However, they build inside their hive. Bees make their own wax (beeswax) which they use to create small and complete hexagons inside their house. These small holes are called cells, and in them bees store everything, such as pollen and honey.
The wonders of bees
Bees are great. They not only produce some of the nutritious foods we enjoy that we can enjoy, but it is safe to say that without bees, life on Earth would not be as it used to be.
Albert Einstein is quoted as saying:
If the bee disappears from the earth, man will not live more than four years.
In fact, there is no evidence of bees, but aside from this, bees are vital to the survival of many species on Earth, including humans. Simply because they are responsible for pollinating many flowers and hence the large amount of food that we and other species eat.
May 20th, World Bee Day
In 2018, the UN General Assembly declared May 20 as World Bee Day. In doing so, the international community is emphasizing the urgent need to protect the world’s bee population. After all, these insects are important because of honey and the fact that three-quarters of all food on earth – and therefore human food – depends on pollination.
In this short article, the main role of bees on various issues such as agriculture and economics was identified. Although we always know this little creature with its most important product, honey, but its role and influence goes far beyond its size!
We are subconsciously destroying this creature with some of our actions. This may not be so important to us in the short and short term; But in the long run, it will have irreparable and serious effects on us.